Skin-Care Tips

‘I’m a Dermatologist, and These Are the 5 Main Reasons Your Acne Is Getting Worse Instead of Better’

Photo: Getty Images / AleksandarNakic
You think you're on a good path to getting your acne under control—you have the right products, you're dedicated to your regimen, and you've stopped sleeping in your makeup once and for all—but still, your acne's getting worse. What gives? According to Marisa Garshick, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in New York City, there are a few things that could be happening.

"Don't panic. Sometimes the environment can trigger these sort of transient fluctuations," says Dr. Garshick. "If your skin has been in an overall good place for three or four months and you have a week of a breakout, it may be somewhat of your control. You may be wearing a mask more often, or you may be traveling and doing something to your skin. It doesn't necessarily mean you have to reset your whole skin-care routine."

But if a few months have gone by and things aren't improving, it may mean you need to make some changes. Below, Dr. Garshick shares five of the main culprits that could be behind your worsening breakouts—and reveals exactly what to do to get things back on track.

5 reasons why your acne is getting worse

1. Something in your routine or environment changed

"Sometimes it can be that you've maybe incorporated new things into your skin that could be contributing to new irritation or sensitivity," says Dr. Garshick. "So think about makeup, but also think about the environment. If you're more active, exercising, sweating more, maybe your routine now requires something different."

Higher temperatures can also have an impact on your skin. "Humidity envelops skin in a blanket of heat and moisture, which leads to pores expanding wide, an increase in oil production, and a smothering of the skin," Audrey Kunin, MD, board-certified dermatologist and founder of DERMAdoctor, previously told Well+Good. "This can lead to congestion or even an outbreak of blemishes."

If any of this sounds like it could be the tactic, make sure you're cleansing properly and getting all the day's gunk off your skin.

2. The cause of your acne has changed

There are a number of different culprits that could be to blame for your breakouts—oil production, bacteria, and inflammation can all play a role, and each requires a different type of treatment. "It may be that if you're only using a retinoid, and all of a sudden you're developing breakouts that are more driven by bacteria," says Dr. Garshick.

Since retinoids may not be the best option for clearing these types of breakouts (they work by normalizing your skin's exfoliation cycle to get rid of dead skin cells, making them great for treating acne caused by clogged pores and inflammation), it may be time to switch up your routine. Benzoyl peroxide cleansers are a great swap for bacteria-related acne, as they effectively cleanse away propionibacterium acnes, the acne-causing bacteria known as P. Acne. Note that you can experience a number of different acne causes at once, so it may take some trial and error to find a routine that works for your unique case.

3. Your hormones are changing

Aside from the three causes listed above, Dr. Garshick says hormones can also contribute to acne. That's because sebum production is driven by hormones, so changes in your hormones can lead to worsening breakouts. Did you just start or stop birth control? Are you pregnant? If you believe hormones are playing a role, chat with your doctor about trying solutions like spironolactone, a prescription hormone-based acne treatment, or DIM, a supplement that helps manage hormonal oil production.

4. You're trying too much at once

"If your acne is getting worse, I wouldn't start using multiple products all at once," says Dr. Garshick. "If you're going to start a new skin-care product, make sure you're only doing one at a time. Give it another three weeks, but don't panic and try everything that you see in the drugstore aisle. Make sure that you're thoughtful in your approach and just use one new thing at a time. Maybe start by introducing a new cleanser. So for some people who are already using a prescription active ingredient and maybe a gentle cleanser, it's possible that they need a medicated cleanser in conjunction with that. But don't use that plus an exfoliant plus a toner all at the same time."

5. It's time to see a dermatologist

If you haven't already spoken to a pro and you're noticing that your acne is getting worse, it's likely time to visit a dermatologist. They can help guide you so you don't waste your money on products that aren't right for you, and give you prescription-based products when needed. Dr. Garshick says it's best to stop, reset, and focus on what you are using and head to a board-certified dermatologist.

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