Ever wonder why some people can eat ice cream and cheese like it’s NBD, while for others, dairy’s an express lane to breakouts and bloating?
Well, according to the ancient Indian medical tradition of Ayurveda, your digestive quirks all have to do with your dosha. (That's your overall energetic constitution, which is said to rule everything from your body shape to your skin type.)
Depending on whether you skew vata, pitta, or kapha—you can figure out your type by taking this quiz—certain foods are believed to work in harmony with your gut, while others tend to raise hell. It’s a concept that chef and Ayurveda expert Divya Alter’s particularly passionate about—and serves as the basis of her new plant-based cookbook, What to Eat for How You Feel: The New Ayurvedic Kitchen.
“I was introduced to [this idea] in India while I was being treated for a severe digestive disorder by an Ayurvedic doctor,” writes the certified nutritional consultant and owner of Divya’s Kitchen in New York City. “The doctor told me that there's no good or bad food in itself—it depends on one’s individual needs at that time."
As Alter puts it, all foods are a unique combination of the five elements—space, air, water, fire, and earth—as is each person's body. It's how the two interact that determines whether an ingredient ends up being your BFF or your worst enemy. "Some people are more airy (vata), some are more fiery (pitta), and others more earthy (kapha). This is why one food or herb may be good or balancing for one, but toxic and aggravating for another.”
"Some people are more airy (vata), some are more fiery (pitta), and others more earthy (kapha). This is why one food or herb...may be good for one, but toxic for another."
What makes this even more complicated, she says, is the fact that one's doshic balance usually shifts with the seasons. To that end, the recipes in her book are broken down by time of year, as well as digestive dosha, allowing you to choose recipes based on what you need in the moment.
Here, Alter shares three recipes from What to Eat for How You Feel, each one deemed particularly beneficial for a different dosha. And because foodie FOMO is real, all recipes have modifications for the rest of the digestive types. Finally, you can have what your friend's having, minus the side effects.
These are the three ideal recipes for each Ayurvedic doshas you'll want to add to your spring dinner rotation.
If you have pitta (or fiery) digestion: Creamy Green Protein Soup
Yields 4 servings
Pitta digestive imbalances: Acid reflux, ulcers, excessive hunger or thirst
I learned this recipe from Vaidya R. K. Mishra, who included it in my autoimmune treatment protocol. It's both nourishing and detoxifying, and when eaten regularly, this quick soup can replenish nutrient deficiencies, boost immunity, and restore vitality. To me, it offered enhanced digestibility of the protein and minerals I was looking for in raw, green smoothies.
This soup is suitable for everyone. If you eat it a few times a week, switch up the greens to vary the nutrients and taste.
2 tsp ghee or olive oil
1 tsp Cooling Masala (recipe below)
1 tsp salt
1/4 tsp ground turmeric
1∕8 tsp fenugreek seeds
1 cup crumbled paneer (fresh, soft cheese)
1 pound leafy greens such as chard, beet greens, collards, spinach, kale, and/or amaranth
1/2 cup fresh parsley leaves
Fresh lime juice (to garnish)
1. In a 3- to 4-quart saucepan, combine 2 cups water with the ghee, masala, salt, turmeric, fenugreek, and cheese. Bring to a simmer over medium-low heat and cook for 15 minutes.
2. While the cheese is cooking, prep your greens: Wash, stem, and tear them—this should yield about 8 packed cups. Gradually add the greens and parsley, turning them over until they wilt but still retain their vibrant green color, 3–5 minutes. Turn off the heat and leave the soup uncovered to cool it down a bit.
3. Transfer the soup to a blender and mix to a smooth and creamy consistency. Reheat the soup if needed.
4. Garnish with lime juice and serve hot.
*For vata (airy) digestion: Substitute Digestive Masala (recipe below) for the Cooling Masala, using the same instructions to prepare it. Add 1/4 tsp black pepper and a drizzle of olive oil in step 4.
*For kapha (earthy) digestion: Substitute Energizing Masala (recipe below) for the Cooling Masala, using the same instructions to prepare it. Add 1 Tbsp grated fresh ginger in step 1.
1 Tbsp coriander seeds
1 tsp fenugreek seeds
1 tsp cumin seeds
1 tsp ajwain seeds
1/2 tsp powdered ginger
1/2 tsp ground turmeric
1/4 tsp black peppercorns
1/4 tsp cinnamon granules or crushed cinnamon bark
1/4 tsp black cardamom seeds (from 1 or 2 pods)
1/4 tsp salt
If you have vata (or airy) digestion: Mixed Vegetable Curry in Cashew Sauce
Yields 4 servings
Vata digestive imbalances: Constipation, gas, bloating
This colorful, Indian-style recipe is very adaptable. You can vary the combination of vegetables according to taste and availability—try summer squash, asparagus, Brussels sprouts, peas, sweet potatoes, broccoli, or whatever vegetables you have left in the fridge before your next shopping trip. Alternatively, you can roast some of the vegetables and add them when the rest are almost cooked.
1⁄4 cup cashews, soaked overnight, drained, and rinsed
2 Tbsp ghee or coconut oil
1 tsp ground turmeric
1/2 tsp cumin seeds
8 curry leaves (see note)
2 tsp minced fresh ginger
1 small green Thai chile, seeded and minced
1 tsp ground coriander
1/2 tsp dried thyme or rosemary (crushed)
1/8 tsp asafoetida (optional)
1 1/2 tsp salt
3 medium taro roots, peeled and cut into 1/2-inch cubes
1 cup carrots cut into 1/2-inch cubes
1 cup green beans chopped into 2-inch pieces
1 cup cauliflower broken up into 1-inch florets
2 packed cups chopped spinach
2 Tbsp chopped fresh cilantro or parsley
2. Heat the ghee in a 2-quart sauté pan over medium-low heat. Add the turmeric and toast for 15 seconds, then include the cumin seeds and continue to toast for a few more seconds, until the seeds darken a shade and release their aroma. Mix in the curry leaves, ginger, chile and toast for a few more seconds, then the coriander, thyme, asafoetida, if using, and salt. Immediately pour in the cashew milk and bring to a boil. Introduce the taro roots, cover, reduce the heat to medium-low, and simmer for 10 minutes. Introduce the carrots, green beans, and cauliflower, mix well, and continue to cook, covered, stirring occasionally, until the vegetables are tender, about 20 minutes. If the curry begins to dry and stick to the bottom of the pan, use 1⁄4 cup more water. Add the spinach and cook for 5 more minutes. Add a little water if you like your curry more liquid.
3. Fold in the chopped fresh herbs and serve hot.
*Curry leaves can be purchased in Indian or Asian grocery stores. They'll keep for up to two weeks if you store them refrigerated in an airtight container. Dried versions are significantly less fragrant, so double their quantity in a recipe.
*For pitta (fiery) digestion: Skip step 1 and substitute coconut milk for the cashew milk. Replace the ginger, chile, and asafoetida with 1/2 tsp Cooling Pungent Masala (recipe below) in step 2.
*For kapha (earthy) digestion: Increase the ginger to 1 Tbsp and add one more green chile in step 2.
If you have kapha (or earthy) digestion: Sunchoke and Asparagus Salad
Yields 4 servings
Kapha digestive imbalances: Fatigue after eating, loss of appetite, weight gain
The sunchoke has an astringent-sweet taste with delicate, almost artichoke-like flavor, which I find very pleasant and refreshing. Although you can eat sunchokes raw, I highly recommend lightly cooking them to reduce their exuberant airy qualities. Peeling these tubers is preferred but more time-consuming (and patience-testing); scrub them well with a vegetable brush when you’re cooking them in a hurry.
2 cups sunchokesscrubbed and chopped into 1 1/2-inch pieces (about 12 oz.)
1 bunch asparagus, fibrous stalk ends trimmed and spears cut into 2-inch pieces (about 2 cups)
1 tsp black sesame oil or olive oil
1 Tbsp fresh lime juice
1 Tbsp ginger juice (see note)
1 tsp fresh thyme leaves or 1/4 tsp dried thyme
1/2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp finely minced fresh rosemary leaves
1/4 tsp freshly ground black pepper
1/4 tsp ground nutmeg
1. Steam the sunchokes in a steamer basket set over a pan of simmering water for about 10 minutes, until they are crisp-tender; remove from the steamer to a serving dish and set aside. Steam the asparagus for about 5 minutes, until tender, and plunge into cold water to refresh; drain well. Add to the dish with the sunchokes.
2. Whisk all the dressing ingredients in a small bowl, pour over the vegetables, and let them marinate for 5 to 10 minutes. Serve at room temperature.
*To make ginger juice, grate a 2-inch piece of ginger and squeeze the juice from it in your hand.
*For vata (airy) digestion: Increase the oil to 1 Tbsp and omit the nutmeg; substitute parsnips for the sunchokes.
*For pitta (fiery) digestion: Omit the ginger juice and increase the oil to 1 Tbsp.
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