Eating Seafood Is a ‘Smash’ With These 5 Healthy, Low-Mercury Options
As the saying goes, "There are plenty of fish in the sea, but only some of them contain low levels of mercury." Okay, okay, so I embellished this particular cliché just a little bit, but you get the picture: Of the 20,000 known species of fish, only a few stand out as add-to-your-plate protein options that won't make you worry about mercury. But thankfully, you won't need to remember 20K different fish, just five, thanks to this easy acronym from Parsley Health: SMASH, which stands for sardines, mackerel, anchovies, salmon, and herring.
Remember, mercury can have some pretty concerning effects on the body in high doses. As Parsley Health explains in a recent Instagram post, "Mercury can impact brain function and memory, affect your thyroid, kidneys, sleep, and energy levels." This is especially important for expectant and breastfeeding moms, as mercury can affect a fetus's brain and nervous system development.
Here's the thing: Nearly all fish contain some amounts of mercury (thanks, pollution!). However, you can minimize your risk by sticking with SMASH-choices, all of which are full of healthy fats and protein while staying safely low in mercury levels. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends making sure a majority of the fish you eat fall under this SMASH category, while limiting your weekly servings of higher-mercury seafood like tuna, bluefish, grouper, marlin, king mackerel, shark, and swordfish. If you have specific questions about how much of the go-to fish you or a family member is eating each week, then the EPA advisees talking to your health care provider concerning your specific needs.
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Mercury may not be in retrograde anymore, but it could be in your fish. 😜 Seafood is a great source of protein and has high levels of omega 3 fatty acids, which promote healthy brain function, improve heart health, and even reduce depression. But the type of fish you choose is important. Check out our Instagram stories for tips from our health coach, @KrisWellness, on how to choose fish at the grocery store! So why is buying fish so complicated? It comes down to pollution in our waters, which is increasing mercury levels and microplastics in fish. Mercury can impact brain function and memory, affect your thyroid, kidneys, sleep, and energy levels while microplastic particles can leach hazardous compounds into the body, such as BPA and pesticides, that can compromise immune function and negatively impact hormones. Here’s the scoop on how to get the benefits of seafood without the downsides: 1. Think small: smaller fish contain less mercury than larger fish. Bigger fish that are higher in the food chain eat smaller ones, which accumulates higher levels of mercury in their fat. 2. Choose wild caught: farm raised fish are fed with processed feed and contains higher levels of contaminants. Research shows that wild caught fish are more nutritionally dense than farmed. 3. Choose local: boat to fork is the best way to support sustainable fishing practices and access wild caught fish options that don’t contain added harmful chemicals. Try sourcing fish from community supported fisheries (CSF), farmer’s markets and trusted local fishmongers. 4. Diversify: Americans are eating the same five types of fish year after year (shrimp, salmon, tuna, tilapia and pollock). High demands lead to overfishing, harmful catch methods and overuse of antibiotics. Opt for less popular options such as mullet, herring and mackerel. PS: for more tips on clean eating, click the link in our bio to download our free guide. #healthyeating #eatingguide #seafoodie #sustainablefishing #eatmorefish #oceanwise #wildfish
A post shared by Parsley Health (@parsleyhealth) on Aug 15, 2019 at 4:00pm PDT
When you next find yourself in the seafood aisle (the Mediterranean lifestyle demands it!), the folks at Parsley Health say to keep a few other shopping tricks at front of mind. First, buy small fish. "Bigger fish that are higher in the food chain eat smaller ones, which accumulates higher levels of mercury in their fat," reads the Instagram caption. They also advocate for sourcing fish locally, supporting smaller fisheries, and continuing to eat a diverse mix of fish when you can. "High demands lead to overfishing, harmful catch methods and overuse of antibiotics," they explain. "Opt for less popular options such as mullet, herring, and mackerel."
Follow these tips and (fingers crossed) we'll make sure there's plenty of fish in the sea for years and years to come.
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