The Gottman Institute's Anger Iceberg suggests we visualize anger as—you guessed it—an iceberg. Above the water, all you can see is a small chunk of ice you'll happily crash your relationship into (that's anger). Below the surface, though, we hide more sensitive, vulnerable feelings like jealousy, fear, or sadness.
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In essence, you can translate that toward getting angry at your partner. We use as a mask to hide the more delicate emotions we're afraid to share with others. Taking a minute to consider the Anger Iceberg, then, allows us to raise our overall Emotional Intelligence, and cool down an argument before it becomes a fight (because yes, bickering and fighting are different).
The next time you feel yourself directing anger toward your partner, stop for a moment and think about the feelings that might be hiding within. Dr. Nelson recommends that you ask yourself a few questions: What is underneath the anger? What do I feel afraid of? What is making me feel vulnerable? What am I afraid I will lose or what will be taken away from me? You might just be feeling scared or insecure about your partner leaving you. Taking a minute to dive deep into yourself can allow for a calmer, more proactive dialogue to unfold.
"If you can identify the emotions underneath the anger, it can help to talk about the feelings, recognizing that anger is a defense against those softer, more frightening emotions," Dr. Nelson says. Keeping your relationship healthy means allowing yourself to look beyond the most visual emotion. And honestly, ignoring the bottom half of an iceberg is always bad for a relationship. Just ask Jack Dawson about that one.
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