Ashwagandha

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Ashwagandha

This shrub may be super buzzy now, but it’s been used in Ayurveda for centuries. Like all adaptogens, AKA herbs that help keep the body in homeostasis, ashwaghanda helps protect the body from stress. It can also potentially help with chronic fatigue and insomnia. Pretty incredible multitasking, wouldn’t you say?

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Biotin

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Biotin

If you’re looking for a supplement with some major beauty benefits, this is it. A B-complex vitamin, biotin is linked to stronger nails and hair growth. It also is crucial to your body properly converting nutrients like fats and protein into energy. Just watch out for some potential side effects—if you take too much biotin, it could mess with lab test results.

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Vitamin E

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Vitamin E

Chances are, you’ve seen vitamin E pop up in your favorite beauty products, and for good reason: The nutrient can help protect against free radical damage and potentially minimize the appearance of scars. But the benefits aren’t just skin deep—the vitamin is also linked to better eye health and a healthier immune system.

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Keratin

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Keratin

The fibrous protein is naturally found in meat, fish, eggs, beans, nuts, and quinoa—and it’s been linked to strengthening hair. (Hence why it’s such a common find in the shampoo aisle.) So if your locks seem brittle, dry, damaged, or you keep getting split ends, consider adding this nutrient to your routine.

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L-glutamine

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L-glutamine

L-glutamine is actually the most plentiful amino acid in the body. But doctors may recommend an l-glutamine supplement for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) because there is some promising research connecting the amino acid to improved digestive health. It also has a reputation as a workout booster (although TBD on the legitimacy of that).

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Magnesium

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Magnesium

Magnesium is another important nutrient that, unfortunately, most of us just don’t get enough of. It helps promote good sleep, better energy, and better digestion. But it’s important to note that there are several different types of magnesium, so if you plan on purchasing a supplement, make sure you’re getting the one best-suited for your health goals.

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Nootropics

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Nootropics

The term “nootropics” refers to a category of a brain-boosting supplements that first gained traction in Silicon Valley. The exact ingredients vary from brand to brand, but they’re generally full of herbs and nutrients that support cognitive health, such as ginkgo biloba and bacopa.

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Probiotics

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Probiotics

Studies have linked probiotics to optimal gut health, reducing anxiety, improving mood, helping you age better, supporting a healthy metabolism, and more. If you want in on that long list of benefits, you may want to top off your kombucha habit with a supplement to make sure the good-for-you bacteria is reaching your intestines (where it works its magic).

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Coenzyme Q10

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Coenzyme Q10

Never heard of this one? Here’s what you need to know: It’s an antioxidant that helps protect the body against free radicals and balances your metabolism. Q10 occurs naturally in the body, but is also found in foods such as meat, fatty fish, spinach, cauliflower, and legumes.

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Selenium

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Selenium

It’s not as trendy as magnesium or iron, but selenium is an essential mineral that serves as a coenzyme for certain antioxidants (meaning, it helps them do their job better), keeps your immune system strong, and helps your body metabolize thyroid hormones. Just don’t overdo it, because the side effects of too much selenium can be dangerous.

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Vitex

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Vitex

Also called chaste berry, vitex is an herb that’s linked to helping bring balance to the hormonal system, which can ease PMS symptoms. The flowering plant thrives in the Mediterranean, but here in the States, you can find it as a tincture or in capsule form, often combined with other herbs that support the hormonal system and mood, like folate and St. John’s wort.

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Xanthan Gum

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Xanthan Gum

Not all food additives are created equal, and xanthan gum is the perfect example of that. While certain chemical additives and stabilizers can cause inflammation in the body, xanthan gum—a sugar produced by a certain bacteria that’s fed corn or soy—may potentially lower cholesterol and blood sugar.

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Zinc

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Zinc

It may be the last supplement in this glossary, but it’s certainly not the least. Getting enough zinc is key for protecting your body against colds and other ailments that are a total blow to your immune system. If you start to feel sick, consider a supplement or load up on zinc-heavy foods like whole grains, legumes, and shellfish.

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